Bluish tinge of skin that usually indicates poor oxygenation.

Feeding administration method where formula is delivered continuously but over only a specified amount of time such as 10-18 hours.

Cyclooxygenase (COX) is an enzyme that produces prostaglandins within the bodys cells. There are two COX enzymes, COX-1 and COX-2. Both enzymes produce prostaglandins that promote inflammation, pain, and fever. However, only COX-1 produces prostaglandins that support platelets and protect the stomach.

An overreaction of the immune cells and cytokines (chemicals that elicit white cell activities) that can severely damage tissues including the lungs, resulting in mild to severe consequences. It is thought that this is one of the primary causes of death of the 1918-1919 pandemic influenza that killed over 40 million individuals globally. The body produced a cytokine storm in the lungs destroying lung tissue and causing massive hemorrhage while attempting to stop progression of the viral infection.

The fluid type substance that composes the majority of a cell outside of the nucleus and contains the organelles.

Destructive to or preventing the function of cells.

Drugs that injure cells. For example, chemotherapeutic drugs damage or kill cancer cells. However, they can also damage healthy normal cells if in high enough concentrations or directed towards healthy tissues (e.g. extravasation)

Having an affinity for cells. IgE antibodies are cytotropic for mast cells.

The turning point of a disease for better or worse; especially a sudden change, usually for the better, in the course of an acute disease. Often refers to a sudden drop in temperature, after a severe high temperature period.

Central Venous Catheter